Around one year of life, the baby can already stand up on his own and begins to take his first steps (some do it earlier than others). As the months go by, she will perfect her motor skills, being able at 18 months to climb crib bars, climb furniture, and go up and down stairs with help.
When he reaches these milestones, the child is also ready to try his first jumps. But when and how does the child learn to jump?
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Jumping, a fun milestone in motor development
The act of jumping is a very important milestone in the child’s motor development that opens the door to strengthening their psychomotor skills.
At first, the child will crouch down with the intention of jumping, but probably won’t be able to get their feet off the ground. Around the age of two he begins to try to jump in one place and his feet barely come off.
It will be easier for him to jump at the beginning from a step, a low curb with the help of your hands. The small height of these objects will help you become aware of the movement you have to make.
Over time, your technique will be perfected and you will be able to do it alone, as well as jump over objects by propelling yourself forward, and later, you will have acquired the necessary balance to be able to jump on one foot.
By the age of five or six, most children have mastered their physical skills quite well and are able to hop on one foot while maintaining balance for a while, as well as hop backwards on one or both feet.
Benefits of jumping for children
Jumping favors the development of children at various levels, especially in the motor area, but also at a social and cognitive level.
- It favors the development of gross motor skills: it is one that consists of the skilful use of the body as a whole, including posture, balance and mobility.
- Strengthens bones and muscles : physical activity contributes to the proper development of bones and muscles in children.
- Promotes Spatial Awareness – Allows children to gain concepts about depth, height, and spatial boundaries. It favors the awareness of their position with respect to the objects that surround them, as well as the relative position between the objects.
- Improves coordination and balance : jumping requires the child to internalize a sequence of movements to achieve the action, in addition to enhancing the balance of the little ones.
- They release energy and adrenaline : the action of jumping requires an effort that results in the release of energy and adrenaline. The child will rest better.
jumping games for kids
Active games are the best way to stimulate the motor skills of little ones. This way they strengthen their skills while having fun and socializing.
We suggest some simple jumping games that children from the age of two can do:
- Jump inside circles drawn with chalk on the ground or hopscotch.
- Jump on the ladder counting steps (from your hand).
- Take a tour at home with objects to jump. They can be, for example, stuffed animals placed at different distances.
- Jump frog: you can play that you are frogs, and jump with your hands on the ground.
- Jumping on the bed: the bed can be a good place to practice, since in addition to being a lot of fun, it is a soft surface. Of course, be careful not to fall to the sides.
- Jump and dance: music is an excellent ally to encourage children to move.
When to consult
It is important to know that each child has their own rhythm, and what one child does at one age, another of the same age may not do without any problem.
But if the child is three years old and is not able to jump , does not lift his feet off the ground, falls frequently when he jumps, only pushes himself to one side or has an excessive fear of jumping, consult his pediatrician.