There are many options on the market when it comes to baby formula , and if, for whatever reason, you have decided to breastfeed your little one in this way, you will have to make a decision.
It is best to consult your pediatrician to help you choose the best option, based on your age and nutritional needs.
However, below we explain what types of formula milk exist and what their components and characteristics are.
TYPES OF INFANT FORMULA
First of all, you must take into account the age of your baby, since formula milk has a special composition for each case, depending on weight and age. Thus, they can be distinguished:
- Special formula milk for babies with low weight or premature.
- Initiation formula milk for exclusive feeding up to 5 or 6 months.
- Formula milk for babies between the ages of 6 months and 2 years.
Formula milk comes in three different ways, so you can choose the one that best suits your budget and circumstances:
- Liquid and concentrated: You mix liquid formula milk with an equal part of water. It is cheap and takes up little space.
- Ready to use: You don’t need to mix it or measure it, just open it and it’s ready to serve. Its price is higher.
- Powder: Its preparation takes longer than the previous ones, and the instructions must be followed as indicated on the product packaging. It is the most economical and the best for the environment.
Most infant formula contains nutrients very similar to those found in breast milk . These help the baby, among other things, to strengthen his immune system and her defenses, and improve digestion, since they contain prebiotic fibers, vitamins, minerals, fatty acids and DHA, nucleotides…
COMPONENTS OF INFANT FORMULA MILK
There are several components of formula milk, all of which will be indicated on the packaging of each product. We tell you about the most outstanding:
At birth, the baby’s digestive system must get used to working properly. Prebiotics help stimulate the formation of bacterial flora to improve digestion and stimulate the immune system. This way you will have greater protection against foreign elements, such as pathogenic substances. Check out our parenting site for more and great ideas for your new born.
The incorporation of nucleotides in formula milk aims to stimulate the maturation of the baby’s digestive system, since they favor the invasion of intestinal bacteria, reinforce defense mechanisms and improve fat metabolism.
They correspond to long-chain and are usually found in breast milk. They are also incorporated into some formula milk and are essential for the proper development of the visual and cognitive function of the newborn.
Vitamins and minerals
Most infant formulas are fortified with vitamins A, C, and D, which help support the immune system and bone development.
In addition, both vitamins and minerals are essential nutrients for the proper maintenance of the vital functions of the body; calcium in bone formation, chlorine in immunological or enzymatic processes…
We are sure that you already have a little more clarity about what exactly this type of milk that will replace breast milk contains. Do not let yourself be overwhelmed by the number of brands that exist and take the time you need to choose the most suitable for your baby.